FIG Peer Review Journal


Enhancement of Parcel Based Spatial Information Via Quick Response (QR) Code (6861)

Jaafar Jasmee, Suriati Juhari and Roslina Idris (Malaysia)
Sr. Dr. Jasmee Jaafar
Senior Lecturer
Centre of Studies Surveying Science and Geomatics
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia (UiTM)
Centre of Studies Surveying Science and Geomatics
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM),
Shah Alam
Corresponding author Sr. Dr. Jasmee Jaafar (email: jasmee[at], tel.: 0176758318)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2014-03-21
Received 2013-11-15 / Accepted 2014-02-06
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Congress 2014 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Congress 2014
ISBN 978-87-92853-21-9 ISSN 2308-3441


Locating land parcel physically on the ground based on Certified Plan (CP) or land title is time consuming and costly. With the advent of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), an innovation towards locating land parcel automatically on the Google Earth with the aid of Quick Response (QR) code is introduced. In this study, selected information from the CP and land title is encoded towards the preparation of a QR code. The QR code is then placed on the respective CP and land title. With the aid of Smartphone the QR code can be decoded and the location of the land parcel can be displayed on the Google Earth/Maps. This innovation will be of great advantage to a diversity of land related activities. The accuracy of locating the land parcel on the Google Earth/maps is assessed using known points and it is found that the positioning accuracy is less than ±10 meters. With this accuracy, navigating to the land parcel physically on the ground could be done with ease. In this study, various types of available barcodes are being discussed as well as the proposed type of encoder and decoder to be used. An outlined towards the creation and decoding of the QR code will be presented and the prototype results will be portrayed.
Keywords: Professional practice; Education; Geoinformation/GI; Positioning; Digital cadastre; Bridge surveying; Cadastre; Land management; Access to land; History; Reference systems; Certified Plan; Land Title; QR code; Google Earth/Maps