FIG Peer Review Journal


Phenomenological Research in Compulsory Land Acquisition and Compensation (3448)

Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu (Nigeria), Peter Byrne (United Kingdom) and Kauko Viitanen (Finland)
Mrs. Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu
Department of Estate Management
Rivers State University of Science and Technology
P.M.B. 5080
Port Harcourt
Corresponding author Mrs. Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu (email: ibkakulu[at], tel.: + 234 803 705 5178)

[ abstract ] [ handouts ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2009-02-16
Received 2008-12-01 / Accepted 2009-02-16
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2009 in Eilat, Israel and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2009
ISBN 978-87-90907-73-0 ISSN 2307-4086


Generally, academic research is conducted within a paradigm, which represent the researcher’s particular way of thinking about a subject matter and which is shared with other like minds. When an area of inquiry is in its infancy and there are no scientific theories from which to hypothesize, such research can only begin by induction. Knowledge in this case has to begin with collecting facts and then trying to find some order in them in a process known as inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning begins with observations and measures, detects patterns and regularities, formulates some tentative hypothesis that can be explored and finally ends up developing some general conclusions or theories. It is open-ended and exploratory and where the knowledge sought is inseparable from the situational and personal aspects of those involved, some degree of generalization can be achieved by making allowances for local and personal influences. This paper outlines a number of research problems associated with compulsory land acquisition and compensation in Nigeria and describes an innovative methodological approach to research in this field. It discusses various philosophical and theoretical orientations underlying the study, explains the qualitative nature of the research and elaborates on the research strategies and data collection protocols. An account is also given on how the nature of a research problem can influence the choice of a research methodology; how data collection protocols are applied in empirical data collection; including an explanation of how all the major parts of the research design worked together to address the identified research questions. The study is based on constructionist and interpretive research paradigms, phenomenological and empiricist epistemologies, and ontological assumptions that reality is subjective and multiple. This orientation is based on the premise that human experience makes sense to those who live in it prior to all interpretation and theorizing (Creswell, 2003) and as such it determines what is studied and the methods used to study them. The methodology also links the philosophy to the research methods that were used. This is an innovative approach which opens new challenges for real estate research by applying phenomenology in data collection, and doing phenomenological analysis and interpretation.
Keywords: Valuation; phenomenology; qualitative research; research paradigms; compulsory acquisition; compensation; research methodology