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Geospatial Determination of Patterns of Accessibility to Healthcare Facilities in Osun State, Nigeria (9187)

Joseph Tunde Fadahunsi (Nigeria)
Dr Joseph Tunde Fadahunsi
Associate Lecturer
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
21
71
Nigeria
 
Corresponding author Dr Joseph Tunde Fadahunsi (email: tundefada[at]gmail.com, tel.: +234803 374 7311)
 

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web n/a
Received 2018-07-14 / Accepted n/a
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Congress 2018 in Istanbul, Turkey and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Congress 2018
ISBN n/a ISSN 2308-3441
URL n/a

Abstract

The study examined the patterns of accessibility to healthcare facilities in Osun State, Nigeria. This was with a view to improving the equitable access to healthcare facilities in the State. Primary and secondary data were used in the study. The primary data were obtained using hand-held Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver to obtain the geographic coordinates of all the healthcare facilities in the State. The secondary data comprised the list of all the healthcare facilities in the state, obtained from the Osun State Hospitals’ Management Board and Orthophotomaps covering the state, collected from the Office of the State Surveyor-General. Settlements, rivers, railway line, Local Government Area (LGA) boundaries, and roads were extracted from the Orthophotomaps. The data were analysed using percentage and Geographical Information System (GIS) analysis tools such as buffering, overlay and query. The study identified 919 healthcare facilities of four categories, namely, primary (603, 65.6%), private (262, 28.5%), secondary (51, 5.6%) and tertiary (3, 0.3%) in the State. Also, the results identified 1, 573 settlements of 103 towns and 1,470 villages in the State. Also, the results show that 93.4% of the settlements fall within 5km radius of the primary healthcare facilities, 70.8% of the settlements fall within 10 km service radius of the secondary healthcare facilities and only 35.0% of the settlements fall within 20 km service radius of tertiary healthcare facilities. The study concluded that there were inequalities in the patterns of accessibility to healthcare facilities in the study area.
 
Keywords: Positioning; Spatial planning; "Geospatial", "healthcare facilities", "patterns of accessibility", "settlements", "GIS", "Osun State"

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