International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development

Nairobi, Kenya 2–5 October 2001


Hosted and organised by


Main Sponsors





The International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development, held in Nairobi, Kenya 2-5 October, was organized by the Institution of Surveyors of Kenya (ISK), the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat).

The conference became a reality because of support and help from the main sponsors United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), GEOMAPS and Institution of Quantity Surveyors of Kenya (IQSK), the co-sponsors Metrocosmo Valuers Ltd, University of Nairobi, Intergraph Mapping and GIS Solutions and SwedeSurvey AB and a number of companies and institutions who have contributed in one way or another.

Spatial Data Infrastructure and Spatial Information Management is clearly in the focus for all surveyors and other stakeholders worldwide in their diverse tasks in development, planning and resource management and in their efforts at creating and supporting a sustainable development.

At the same time the theme of the conference is strongly related to the international community 's efforts to advance the implementation of the Habitat Agenda (paragraphs 76 and 114) as well as the implementation of important elements of Chapters 7,10 and 40 of the Agenda 21.

Finally, the conference has offered the speakers as well as the participants in general opportunity to focus on and discuss spatial information issues in Africa.

The conference concentrated on the following sub-themes:

  • Spatial Data Infrastructure and Spatial Information Management
  • The Role of Spatial Information in Land Tenure, Land Administration and Spatial Planning
  • Low Cost Housing and
  • Spatial Information, Education and Best Practices.

In total there were almost 100 presentations. Some were based on research and developing trends, others were based on projects and experiences.

Apart from a few the presentations are printed as independent articles in this book.

The Nairobi Statement has been published separately.

October 2001

Humphrey K Njuguna
Institution of Surveyors of Kenya
Jes Ryttersgaard
FIG Commission 3
(Spatial Information Management)

Programme Committee

  • Dr. G.C. Mulaku, Chairman
  • Prof. S. Yahya
  • J. Mwenda
  • J. Halake
  • S. Mbinda
  • B. Osewe
  • P. Kahuho
  • F. Githaiga


Spatial Data Infrastructure and Spatial Information Management

Plenary Session PS1 - Spatial Data Infrastructure and Spatial Information Management

PS1.1 Prof. Holger Magel, Vice President of FIG (Germany): Sustainable Land Development and Land Management in Urban and Rural Areas - About Surveyors' Contribution to Building a Better World

PS1.2 Dr. Chuckwodozie Ezigbalike, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UN ECA): The Future Orientation of Geoinformation in Africa

Technical Session TS1 - Spatial Data Infrastructure

TS1.1 Jes Ryttersgaard, (Chair of FIG Commission 3, Denmark): Spatial Data Infrastructure - Developing Trends and Challenges

TS1.2 Dr. Chryssy Potsiou (Greece), Gerhard Muggenhuber (Austria) and Dr. Charalambos Ioannidis, Greece: Sharing Knowledge in Spatial Information Management

TS1.3 Prof. John Parker (Chair of FIG Commission 1, Australia): The Benefits of Geographic Names to a Spatial Data Infrastructure and to a Nation

TS1.4 Mohamed Timoulali (Morocco): Perspectives of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Morocco

TS1.5*) Raynold M. Moyo and Bwalya Chuba (Zambia): Development of National Digital Spatial Database Standards and Topographic Base Maps for Environmental and Natural Resource Management in Zambia
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

Technical Session TS2 - New Technologies

TS2.1 Peter Lindbo Larsen (Denmark): On the Implementation of Electronic Cadastral Archiving Systems

TS2.2 Prof. Tuan-chih Chen (ISPRS, China-Taipei): An Automatic Searching and Publishing System for Spatial Information

TS2.3*) Musa Mwendwa Ndengu (United Kingdom/Kenya): Spatial Information for Sustainable Development: Using Technology for Informed Decision Making
*) This paper was not be presented at the conference.

TS2.4 Reuben Mavima (Zimbabwe), Michael Barry (South Africa) and Ulrike Rivett (South Africa): Systems Thinking: An Approach Towards the Development of Spatial Data Infrastructures: The Case of Zimbabwe 

TS2.5*) Dr. Chang Yongku, Kang Donghyun, Lee Junsuk and Prof. Kang Injoon (Korea): The Development of Digital Map Using GPS in 3-Dimentional Highway Design
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

TS2.6 Raul Pennemann (Belgium): Contribution from the Intergraph Mapping and GIS Solutions

Technical Session TS3 - Spatial Information Issues in Africa

TS3.1 Prof. Olubodun O. Ayeni and Oluwaseun S. Adewale (Nigeria): A Geo-referenced Information System for Population Management

TS3.2 Dr. Galcano C. Mulaku and L. W. Kariuki (Kenya): Mapping and Analysis of Air Pollution in Nairobi, Kenya

TS3.3 Rhodwick Chigumete (Zimbabwe): The Challenge of Commercialising Land Information Organisations: A Zimbabwean Experience

TS3.4 Dr. Christian U. Ezeigbo (Nigeria/Kenya): Spatial Data Model for Regional Integration in Africa

Technical Session TS4 - Spatial Data Infrastructure

TS4.1 Bryson B. H. Morebodi (Botswana): Botswana - Towards a National Geospatial Data Infrastructure

TS4.2 Dr. Elifuraha Gerard Mtalo (Tanzania): GIS Application for the Baseline Survey of the Kagera Region Health Sector Reform Program

TS4.3*) Assistant Prof. Purevbaatar Chimgee and Sandag Uranbileg (Mongolia): Development of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Mongolia and Its Application to the "Millennium Road" Project
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

TS4.4 Poul Daugbjerg, Arne Simonsen and Hanne Brande-Lavridsen (Denmark): Danish Spatial Data Infrastructure

TS4.5 Karen Wentzel and Helena Margeot (South Africa): The Use of Satellite Imagery in Demography and Settlement Mapping in South Africa

Technical Session TS 5 - Spatial Information Management

TS5.1*) Mlenge Fanuel Mgendi (Tanzania): Geo-Information for Interventions in Traditional Irrigation and Environmental Improvement - A Case of North Pare, Tanzania
*) This paper was not presented in the conference.

TS5.2 Md. Shah Alamgir (Canada), Malik Fida Abdullah Khan (Bangladesh) and Stephen Brichieri Colombi (Bangladesh): Sustainable Development of National Water Resources Database in Bangladesh and Its Management Issues

TS5.3 Prof. Raouf S. Rostom (Kenya): A Manual GIS System for Machakos District, Kenya

TS5.4 Kari Strande (Norway): AREALIS Area Information System

Technical Session TS6 - Economic Values

TS6.1Ian Corker (United Kingdom) and Jukka Nieminen (Finland): Improving Municipal Cash Flow - Systematic Land Information Management

TS6.2 Chege Waiganjo and Paul E. N. Ngugi (Kenya): The Effects of Existing Land Tenure Systems on Land Use in Kenya Today

TS6.3 Dr. Analia I. Argerich (Argentina): Agro-geographical Zoning with Landsat Images in Catamarca (Argentina) as a Base for Planning Development

TS6.4 G. M. Gitonga Aritho (Kenya): Natural Resource Management: Resolving Contradiction between Market and Survival Economies in Kenya

The Role of Spatial Information in Land Tenure, Land Administration and Spatial Planning

Plenary Session PS2 - The Role of Spatial Information in Land Tenure, Land Administration and Spatial Planning

PS2.1 Prof. John McLaughlin (Canada): Land Information Management: From Records Automation to Citizenship On-Line

Technical Session TS7 - Security of Tenure and Land Administration

TS7.1 Prof. Richard K. Bullard (United Kingdom): The Sustainable, Economic and Political Process of Land Reform

TS7.2 Jasper N. Mwenda (Kenya): Spatial Information in Land Tenure Reform with Special Reference to Kenya

TS7.3 Dr Susan E Nichols, Sam Ng'ang'a, Katalin Komjathy (Canada) and Agneta Ericsson (Sweden): Measuring and Protecting Access to Land: FIG Guidelines on Gender Inclusion in Land Administration

TS7.4 Prof. Paul van der Molen (The Netherlands): The Importance of the Institutional Context for Sound Cadastral Information Management for Sustainable Land Policy

Technical Session TS8 - Spatial Planning and Human Settlements

TS8.1 Dr. Don C. I. Okpala (UNCHS, Kenya): Spatial Information: The Basic Tool for Sustainable Human Settlements Development Planning and Management

TS8.2 Mairura Omwenga (Kenya): The Missing Link: Spatial Information Required in the Preparation and Implementation of Physical Development Plans in Kenya

TS8.3 Shaibu Y. Juma (Namibia) and Søren F. Christensen (Denmark): Bringing the Informal Settlers under the Register - The Namibian Challenge

TS8.4 Prof. Saad S. Yahya (Kenya): Lending a Voice to Oral Registries - LIS as a Potential Tool for Validating Customary Leaseholds

Technical Session CMTS 1 - Low Cost Housing Issues and Cost Management

CMTS1.1 Selman Erguden, (UNCHS, Kenya): Low-cost Housing: Policies and Constraints in Developing Countries

CMTS1.2 Dr. H. Gichunge (Kenya): Factors that Contribute to the Cost of Provisions of Low Cost Housing in Nairobi, Kenya

CMTS1.3 Murtala A. Oladapo (Nigeria): A Framework for Cost Management of Low Cost Housing

Technical Session TS9 - Spatial Information in Resource Management

TS9.1*) Ifeanyi J. Nwadialor (Nigeria): An Assessment of Spatio-Temporal Variabilities of Deforrestation for Sustainable Forestry Development: Case Study of Afaka Forest Reserve 
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

TS9.2 George Awinyo, Antony Mbandi and Prof. Werner von der Ohe (Kenya): The Role of Spatial Information in Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Agriculture in Kenya

TS9.3 Alick. Rikkie Mwanza (Zambia): Mapping the Kafue Flats of Zambia - A Case of the Mwanachingwala Conservation Area 

TS9.4 Associate Prof. Musisi Nkambwe (Botswana): More Data, Less Management: Problems in Coordinating Land Information Systems for Land Management in Botswana

Technical Session TS10 - Security of Tenure and Land Administration

TS10.1 Dr. Clarissa Fourie (South Africa): The Use of New Forms of Spatial Information, Not the Cadastre, to Provide Tenure Security in Informal Settlements

TS10.2 Alexandrino K. Njuki (Kenya): Cadastral Systems and Their Impact on Land Administration in Kenya

TS10.3 Prof. Stig Enemark (Denmark): Land Administration Infrastructures for Sustainable Development

TS10.4*) Punya Prasad Oli (Nepal): Spatial Data for Land Use Planning in Nepal
*) This paper was not presented in the conference.

Technical Session TS11 - Spatial Planning and Human Settlements

TS11.1 Dr. Alex B. Asiedu (Ghana): The Potential of Systems Dynamic Modelling in the Sustainable Planning and Management of Essential Environmental Facilities in an Urban Area of Sub-Saharan Africa 

TS11.2 Helena Margeot and Sewnath Ramjith (South Africa): The South African Census 2001 Spatial Information System Data Capture Problems

TS11.3 Dr. Josphat K. Z. Mwatelah (Kenya): Application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to Analyze Causes of Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) - Case Study of Kenya

TS11.4 Alphonce Kyariga (Tanzania): GIS as a Decision Support Tool for Urban Environmental Planning and Management: A Practical Case of Tanzania

Technical Session CMTS 2 -Cost Management and Procurement of Low Cost Housing

CMTS2.1 I. N. Wachira (Kenya): Role of Professional QS in Informal Sector Low-Cost Housing

CMTS2.2 Dr. Corne de Leeuw (South Africa): Value Management: An Optimum Solution

CMTS2.3 Moses A. Nyakiongora (Kenya): Contract Administration and Management of Low-Cost Housing

CMTS2.4 Prof. Dennis Lenard and Prof. James A. Powell (United Kingdom): The Role of Cost Managers in Fostering Community-Driven Housing Schemes in Developing Countries

Technical Session TS12 - Spatial Information in Resource Management

TS12.1 Dr Peter C. Nwilo and Dennis A. Osanwuta (Nigeria): Geoinformatics and the Internet as Strategies for a Sustainable Marketing of the Nigerian Mineral Resources 

TS12.2 James Osundwa (Kenya): The Role of Spatial Information in Natural Resource Management

TS12.3 Sam Ng'ang'a, Dr. Susan Nichols, Michael Sutherland and Sara Cockburn (Canada): Toward a Multidimensional Marine Cadastre in Support of Good Ocean Governance

TS12.4 Selwyn W. Willoughby (South Africa): Enabling Access to Spatial Information for Informed Decision-Making: A Case Study of the Structure Plan for Mining

Technical Session TS13 - Security of Tenure and Land Administration

TS13.1 Gebhard Banko and Dr. Reinfried Mansberger (Austria): Assessment of "Non Monetary Values of Land" for Natural Resource Management Using Spatial Indicators

TS13.2 Prof. Michael Barry and Prof. Heinz Rüther (South Africa): Data Collection and Management for Informal Settlement Upgrades

TS13.3 Emmanuel Tembo, Mike Manisa and Lopang Maphale (Botswana): Land Information Management in Customary Land in Botswana

TS13.4 Tommy Österberg (Sweden): What Is an Appropriate Cadastral System in Africa?

Technical Session TS14 - Spatial Planning and Human Settlements

TS14.1 Associate Prof. Samuel Ochieng Akatch (Kenya): Spatial Planning, Development and Management of Human Settlements in Africa

TS14.2 Benjamin Mwasi (Kenya): Land Use Conflicts Resolution in a Fragile Ecosystem Using Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) and a GIS-Based Decision Support System (DSS)

TS14.3 Enosh M. Onyango (Kenya): Spatial Information on Shelter Interventions for Sustainable Development

TS14.4*) Felicia Olufunmilayo Akinyemi (Nigeria): A GIS Database Design for Urban Poverty Management 
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

Workshop CMWS 1 - Investments in Low-Cost Housing - Financing and Stakeholders Issues

CMWS1.1 Joseph Segun Ajanlekoko (Nigeria): Sustainable Housing Development in Nigeria - The Financial and Infrastructural Implication

CMWS1.2 Francis Addo (Ghana): Low-Cost Housing - Experiences from Ghana

CMWS1.3 Francis M. Gathaiga (Kenya): Low-Cost Housing - Experiences from Kenya

CMWS1.4 Low-Cost Housing - Experiences from South Africa

Spatial Information: Education and Best Practices

Plenary Session PS3 - Spatial Information: Education and Best Practices

PS3.1 Prof. Heinz Rüther (South Africa): EIS Education in Africa - The Geomatics Perspective

PS3.2*) Prof. Kirsi Virrantaus (Chair of FIG Commission 2, Finland): From GIS to Geographic Information Science in University Education
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

Technical Session TS15 - Education, Training and CPD

TS15.1 Dr. Moses K. Gachari (Kenya): Spatial Information Education in Kenya: Evolution and Development of Geoinformation Training Programmes at Jomo Kenyatta University

TS15.2 Dr. Olajide Kufoniyi, Massaer Mbaye and B. S. O. Olaofe (Kenya): Towards Building and Utilization of Critical Mass African Capacity in Spatial Information Production and Management

TS15.3 Dr Peter C. Nwilo and Amos O. Adebisi (Nigeria): Mandatory Continuing Professional Development Programme for Surveyors in Nigeria

Technical Session TS16 - Best Practices

TS16.1 Peter Laarakker (The Netherlands), Robert P. Mahoney (United Kingdom), Reinfried Mansberger (Austria), Robin McLaren (United Kingdom) and Kari Strande (Norway): Guidelines for Successful Land Information Management Projects in Developing Countries

TS16.2 Bernd Decker (UNCHS Habitat) / UNEP Sustainable Cities Programme): Environmental Management Information System (EMIS)

TS16.3 Dr. Don Grant (Australia) and Daniel Roberge (Canada): From Québec to Athens: Two National-Level Cadastral Projects, One Challenge: Realignment for Success

TS16.4 Mika-Petteri Törhönen (FInland): Systematic Registration for Cambodia: Why and How?

Technical Session TS17 - Spatial Information in Conflict Management

TS17.1 Olalekan Rasheed Sodeinde (Nigeria): Boundary Conflict Resolution Through the Spatial Analysis of Social, Commercial and Cultural Interaction of People Leaving along Boundary Area

TS17.2 Tor Valstad (Norway/Kosovo): The Reconstruction of the Cadastre and the Development of a Land Information System in Kosovo

TS17.3 Gordon O. Wayumba (Kenya): Modelling Potential Disaster Sites for City of Nairobi, Kenya

TS17.4*) Sergej M. Myagkov and Dr. Vladimir S. Tikunov (Russia): Transition of Russia to Sustainable Development: The Geographical Substantiation
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

Technical Session TS18 - Education, Training and CPD

TS18.1 Dr. Paul Munro-Faure (UN FAO): FAO and the Administration of Land in Africa: Meeting the Challenge of the Future

TS18.2 Associate Prof. Musisi Nkambwe (Botswana): EIS-AFRICA's Model for Training and Capacity Building 

TS18.3 Hellen Nelima Wandabwa (Kenya): PolyGIS Centre

Technical Session TS19 - Cadastral Based Information Systems

TS19.1 Moha Elayachi and Prof. El Hassane Semlali (Morocco): Digital Cadastral Map: Multipurpose Tool for Sustainable Development

TS19.2 Peter K. Wanyoike (Kenya): The Role of the Registry Index Map (RIM) in Land Management in Kenya

TS19.3*) Raynold M. Moyo, Tony L. Mwanalushi and Bwalya Chuba (Zambia): The Land Information Management System (LIMS) - A Modern National Cadastre-based Tool for Land Delivery and Development in Zambia
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

TS19.4 Eniko Kovács (Hungary): Results and Experiences of Tama, a Land Consolidation Project in Hungary

TS19.5*) Dr. Madan Mohan (India): Geographic Information System Application for Monitoring Environmental Change and Restoration of Ecological Sustainable Development over Delhi Ridge
*) This paper was not presented at the conference.

Technical Session TS20 - Professional Practice

TS20.1 Prof. Jean-Marie Becker (Chair of FIG Commission 5, Sweden): The International Technical Developments and their Implications for the Land Surveyor

TS20.2 Dr. J. B. Olaleye and J. O. Sangodina (Nigeria): Spatial Information Technology and Enhanced Professionalism: A Case Study of the Nigerian Construction Industry - An Expository

TS20.3 Prof. John Parker (Chair of FIG Commission 1, Australia): Framework for Sustainable Organisational Best Practice

TS20.4 Prof. Michael Barry and Dr. Clarissa Fourie (South Africa): Wicked Problems, Soft Systems and Cadastral Systems in Periods of Uncertainty

FIG Office

27 September 2001

This page is maintained by the FIG Office. Last revised on 15-09-04.