New Technology for a New Century
TO NEW SOLUTIONS AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN TERRITORIAL PLANNING IN LITHUANIA - TEN YEARS OF EXPERIENCE OF THE SURVEYING WITH ISSUES OF THE URBANISATION AND RURALISM
Steponas DEVEIKIS, Lithuania
Key words: territorial planning, land cadastre, land management, Lithuania.
The last decade of the 20th century for Lithuania, as well as for other Eastern and Central European nations, was the time of major strategic change.
In surveying and territorial or spatial planning, the change manifested itself in a number of aspects, including the:
As Lithuania recovered its sovereignty in 1990, the essential catalyst of the progress and change in surveying and territorial or spatial planning has been the transition from a totalitarian (occupational) regime to public administration and market economy.
The decade was distinctive by overall engagement in formation of a legal framework, a great volume of assignments (including land reformation, real property cadastre transformation, spatial planning, restitution and establishment of a property register) and a demand for new approaches and technology.
The great volume of work was the essential impetus that made the surveyors seek implementation of new technologies and tools made available by the information society. A number of international institutions, economical and technical assistance foundations and programs (PHARE; EU; Swedesurvey, the World Bank, etc.) provided a significant support towards this end.
Extensive inquires are made in the report to the experience of land reformation and land management, the strengths and the weaknesses in urban and rural areas. An emphasis is placed on the sustainable development of the processes of spatial planning, valorisation, and reasonable use issues in Lithuania.
The demand for GIS / LIS and the application of new technology in Land Use Planning and Land Cadastre and Register has grown in Lithuania over a few recent years. The first phase of the designing of land reformation projects for rural area, completed in the late 2000, has shown a sharp demand for technological novelties. The new Law on Real Property Cadastre will make an additional impetus to employment of the latest technology for the management of information banks of spatial planning.
As a conclusion I am recognising the basic issues and general trends on territorial planning and land management in Lithuania:
Steponas Deveikis, Dipl. Eng. (1978), Vice President of
Corporation "Matininkai", a member of the Lithuanian
Association of Surveyors and of the Lithuanian Union of Land and Water
Management Engineers; a member and Board member of the Lithuanian
Association of Property Valuers (since 1994), present position -
President of the Association.
24 March 2001
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