The following six statements have been developed based on studies about:
a) the future needs of the world's societies in the domain of land rights and land management,
b) the lacks and problems of existing cadastral systems, and
c) the trends and tendencies of the on-going cadastral reforms.
The statements shall give a first idea in which direction the working group's reflections are going and they also shall be a basis for the discussions of the item 'Cadastre 2014'.
Comments, remarks, and critics are highly welcome.
Cadastre 2014 will be highly privatized! Public and private sector are working closely together!
Public systems tend to be less flexible and customer-oriented than private organizations. Free economies demand flexibility in land markets, land planning and land utilization. Flexibility may be better provided by private institutions. For the necessary security a public engagement is indispensable.
The private sector will gain importance. The public sector will concentrate on supervision and control.
Cadastre 2014 will be cost recovering!
Cadastral systems need high investments. But the land documented and secured by the cadastre represents a multiple value of the investment in cadastre. The costs of the investment and the operation have to be paid back by those who profit from cadastre.
Cost/benefit analysis will be a very important aspect of cadastre reform and implementation. Surveyors will have to deal more with economic questions in the future.
Cadastre 2014 will show the complete legal situation of land! Private and public rights and restrictions on land will be systematically documented!
Population of the world is growing. In the developed countries the consumption of land is increasing. Therefore the absolute control of the individual or of legal entities of land is more and more being restricted by public interests. To provide security of the land tenure all facts about land must be made obvious by the cadastral system in the future.
All the public rights and restrictions cannot be documented in relation to individual parcels. They are defined in relation to land and will have impacts on the parcels and the private rights referring to the parcels.
A new thematic model is therefore necessary:
'Cadastral mapping' will be dead! Long live modeling!
Maps have always been models, but the available technology did not allow to use these models in a flexible way. In mapping, flexibility therefore had to be brought in by different scales. And different scales had to be represented by different data models.
Modern technology allows the creation of maps of different scales and registers in different forms out of the same data model.
In 2014 there will be no draftsmen and cartographers in the domain of cadastre.
The separation between 'maps' and 'registers' will be abolished!
The separation was necessary because the available technology - paper and pencil - did not allow other solutions.
The division of responsibilities between surveyor and solicitor in the domain of cadastre will be changed seriously.
'Paper and pencil - cadastre' will be gone!
Computer technology will become the normal tool for cadastral work. Real low-cost approaches are possible only with this technology.
In developed countries only high-tech solutions are able to provide the services expected by the societies.
In developing and transition countries, reform and implementation of feasible cadastral systems must make use of the advantages of modern technology. Traditional methods will not provide the urgently necessary cadastral information in time.
The whole world has to deal with similar problems of population, environment and reasonable land utilization. The solutions can only be found on the basis of models of the existing situation.
The cadastre has to provide the basic model. Surveyors all over the world must be able to think in models and to apply modern technology to establish these models.